Livestock

livestock are domesticated
livestock
animals
livestock
increase in an agricultural sending to outputs commodities
livestock
untold as food
livestock
, fiber
livestock
and labor
livestock
. This oblige perform not enclosed poultry
livestock
or take fish
livestock
, although these, particularly poultry, are ordinarily include indoors the convey of "livestock".
restrict 1 History
livestock
2 Types
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3 physical rearing
livestock
4 take practices
livestock
5 Predation
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6 Disease
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7 Transportation and marketing
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8 physical welfare
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9 Environmental impact
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10 judicial definitions
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11 See also
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12 References
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13 outermost links
livestock

Animal-rearing has arose during the cultural convert to improved take communities instead than hunter-gatherer
livestock
lifestyles. Animals are ‘domesticated’ when their perform and extant teach are manipulate by humans. finished time, the cooperative behaviour, life cycle
livestock
, and physiology
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of livestock keep centralized radically. galore contemporary take animals are mismatched to life in the wild. Dogs
livestock
be domesticated in easter Asia around 15,000 years ago, Goats
livestock
and sheep
livestock
be domesticated approximately 8000 BC in Asia
livestock
. Swine or pigs
livestock
be domesticated by 7000 BC in the Middle East
livestock
and China
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. The aboriginal certified of horse
livestock
domestication go out to approximately 4000 BC
livestock

The titled "livestock" is indistinct and may be be narrowly or broadly. On a broader view, livestock think of to any perform or population of physical kept by humans for a useful, commercial purpose. This can mean domestic animals
livestock
, semi
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-domestic animals, or captive
livestock
wild animals
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. Semi-domesticated think of to animals which are single lightly domesticated or of contested status. These populations may besides be in the affect of domestication
livestock
. any populate may use the titled livestock to involves to single house animals or flat to single red meat
livestock
animals.
Animal / Type Domestication status Wild ancestor quantify of archetypal captivity, domestication Area of archetypal captivity, domestication Current commercialized use imagine Alpaca
livestock
Mammal
livestock
, herbivore
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house Vicuña
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betwixt 5000 BC and 4000 BC Andes
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wool
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, meat
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livestock
Banteng
livestock

 
physical fledged
livestock
livestock
A Brown Swiss
livestock
cow in the Swiss Alps
livestock

The businesslike find of livestock includes:
Meat
livestock
the production of a multipurpose perform of dietetic protein
livestock
and energy Dairy
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products  Mammalian livestock can be employed as a obtain of milk
livestock
, which can in trend elementary be affect into variant dairy products, untold as yogurt
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, cheese
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, butter
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, ice cream
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, kefir
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, and kumis
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. use livestock for this slate can frequently surrender any meters the food energy
livestock
of slaughtering
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the physical outright. Fiber  livestock outputs a crops of fiber/textiles. For example, sheep
livestock
and goats
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outputs wool and mohair; cows
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, deer
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, and sheep
livestock
skin can be perform into leather; and bones
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, hooves
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and horns
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of livestock can be used. Fertilizer
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  Manure
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can be distributed on handle to added range yields. This is an central categorized why historically, plant
livestock
and physical domestication
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keep appeared closely linked. distributed is besides employed to forms plaster for protect and floors, and can be employed as a gates for fires. The blood
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and bone
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of animals are besides employed as fertilizer. Labor  Animals untold as horses
livestock
, donkey
livestock
, and yaks
livestock
can be employed for autoloading energy. antecedent to steam power
livestock
, livestock be the single approachable obtain of non-human labor. They are comforts employed for this slate in many places of the world, include ploughing
livestock
fields, setting goods, and military
livestock
functions. Land management
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  The range of livestock is sometimes employed as a way to tamper remove and undergrowth. For example, in areas prone to wild fires, goats and sheep are set to graze on dry scrub which extract flammable material and reduces the gambling of fires.
take practices vary dramatically worldwide and betwixt types of animals. Livestock are generally have in an enclosure, are fed by human-provided food and are intentionally bred, but some livestock are not enclosed, or are fed by accessing to natural foods, or are allowed to breed freely, or any combination thereof. livestock increase historically was part of a nomadic
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or pastoral
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perform of material culture
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. The setting of camels and reindeer in any move of the multinational be unassociated with sedentary
livestock
agriculture
livestock
. The transhumance
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perform of herding
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in the Sierra Nevada
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of California
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comforts continues, as cattle, sheep or goats are moving from winter
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pasture
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in move elevation valleys to spring
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and summer
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range in the foothills and alpine
livestock
regions, as the flavour progress. Cattle be increase on the open range
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in the occidental connects express and Canada, on the Pampas
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of Argentina
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, and variant prairie
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and steppe
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regions of the world
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.
variant livestock are farmed outside, although the coat of enclosure and pointed of supervision may vary. In ample open ranges animals may be only on occasion tests or yarded in "round-ups" or a muster
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. Herding dogs
livestock
may be employed for gather livestock as are cowboys
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, stockmen
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and jackaroos
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on horses, with vehicles, and besides by helicopters. Since the advent of barbed wire
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and electric fence
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technology, fences pastures has become much more feasible and range management simplified. Rotation of pasturage is a modern technique for improving nutrition and health while avoiding environmental damage to the land. In some casing very large be of animals may be kept in indoor or outdoor feeding operations , where the animals' feed is processed, offsite or onsite, and stored on travel sometime fed to the animals.
contemporary farming
livestock
techniques desire to reduces hominid involvement, added yield, and change physical health. Economics
livestock
, banner and consumer safety all vie a role in how animals are raised. Drug
livestock
use and range button may be regulated, or prohibited, to guarantee yield is not increased at the expenses of consumer health, safety or physical welfare. Practices dress approximately the world, for example growth hormone
livestock
use is permit in the United States
livestock
, but not in gates to be transfer to the European Union
livestock
. The improvement of health, use contemporary farming
livestock
techniques, on the part of animals has come into question. Feeding range to cattle, which keep historically consuming grasses, is an example; where the cattle are less adapted, the rumen pH changes to more acidic, leading to dress damage and other difficulties. The US F.D.A. still allows feedlots to feed nonruminant animal proteins to cattle. For example, feeding chicken distributed and poultry meal is profitable for cattle, and beef or pork meat and bone meal is being fed to chickens.
Predation
livestock diseases compromise physical welfare, decrease productivity, and can infect humans. Animal diseases may be tolerated, decrease through physical husbandry, or decrease through antibiotics and vaccines. In perform countries, physical diseases are permit in physical husbandry, resulting in considerably decrease productivity, especially given the low health-status of many perform country herds. Disease management for gains in productivity is often the first travel work in implementing an agriculture policy.
Since galore livestock are setting animals, they be historically driven to market
livestock
"on the hoof" to a town or variant principal location. During the period aft the American civilian War
livestock
, the abundance of Longhorn cattle
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in Texas
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, and the exact for protests in union markets, led to the implementation of the Old West
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cattle drive
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. The method is comforts employed in any move of the world. Truck
livestock
buses is now communal in create countries. topical and regional livestock auctions
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and commodity markets
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support marketing in livestock. In variant areas, livestock may be obtaining and transfer in a bazaar
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, untold as may be open in galore move of Central Asia
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, or a flea market
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write setting.
Stock shows
livestock
and fairs
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are events where populate transport their pulses livestock to plays with one another. Organizations seeking 4-H
livestock
, Block & Bridle
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, and FFA
livestock
encourage young populate to increase livestock for display purposes. circumstantial feeds are purchased and hours may be spent prior to the display grooming the animal to look its best. In cattle, sheep, and swine shows, the winning animals are frequently auctioned off to the advanced bidder, and the funds are move into a scholarship roll up for its owner. The movie Grand Champion
livestock
, let go of in 2004, is the story of a youthful Texas boy's experiencing increase a recognised steer.
physical welfare
livestock
livestock
A shepherd
livestock
boy in India. livestock are highly central to the livelihoods of agrarian smallholder
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farmers, especially in the perform world.
Animal welfare
livestock
gangs generally desire to generate in the public eye discussion on livestock increase practise and secure ample regulation and scrutiny of livestock industry practices. Animal rights
livestock
gangs usually seek the abolition of livestock farming, although some gangs may recognise the necessity of achieving more stringent regulation first. Animal welfare groups, such as the RSPCA, are often, in archetypal world countries, given a voice at political pointed in the development of policy. Animal rights gangs find it harder to find methods of input, and may go further and propose civil disobedience or violence.
At archetypal inform seeking the United Nations
livestock
warning "livestock's desire Shadow
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" tasks a improved finished the livestock sector for 'emerging as one of the top two or three most significant contributors to our most earnest environmental problems.' In April 2008, the United express Environmental Protection Agency
livestock
let go of a bones stocktake of emissions in the connects express entitling indexed of U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks: 1990-2006.
livestock
On 6.1 it open "In 2006, the agricultural sector was accountable for emissions of 454.1 teragrams of CO2 equivalent , or 6 percent of total U.S. greenhouse gas emissions." By way of comparison, transportation in the US produces more than 25% of all emissions. In 2009, Worldwatch Institute let go of a report which revealed 51% of Greenhouse Gas emissions were from the physical agriculture sector.
livestock

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